Tackling the issue of solidarity appears indispensable in order to grasp the three major concepts which the conference is dedicated to – global public goods, global commons as well as fundamental values ‒ in all their theoretical and practical dimensions as well as to sketch accurately how international law has responded to the challenges posed by them. More specifically the proposed AGORA focuses on the public goods of peace and security and on how they are moulded or realised through the notion of solidarity.
“Solidarity” is a term that permeates current international legal and political discourse. Most importantly, it is also a crucial element of the vocabulary of the discourse on global public goods, global commons and fundamental values and is frequently employed in order to deduct normative postulates which engender far-reaching practical implications rendering its in-depth analysis essential. Sometimes “solidarity” itself is regarded as a fundamental value (see only UN GA Res. 56/151 and 57/213) and an emanation of international law’s transformation into a value based order. Becoming only operable within systems in which common goals and values are shared between all the members of a given interdependent community, it is directly linked to the interests of the international community within the realm of international law. In this way, it functions as a counterweight to more parochial and individualistic interests linked to state sovereignty which still plays a major role within today’s rather pluralistic international legal system. For this reason, the nature, content, status and scope of solidarity need to be examined. In an interconnected and interdependent world, the attainment of security requires global coordinated action. The security of each state needs to take into account the security of other states and of the international system as a whole. Solidarity is thus critical in attaining peace and security and underpins the UN system of collective security.
Paulina Starski (Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg)
Anne Lagerwall (Université libre de Bruxelles) “La condamnation des violations graves du jus contra bellum et de leurs conséquences comme forme privilégiée d’une solidari té destinée à garantir la sécurité internationale?”
Aristotelis Constantinides (University of Cyprus) “International solidarity in the implementation of peace agreements: the role of guarantor states”
Vassilis Pergantis (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) “Solidarity, but with nothing to offer? The role of the UN in regional peacekeeping and peace enforcement operations in Africa”
Themistoklis Tzimas (PhD in Public International Law and Political Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki) “Solidarity from whom and to whom, in cases of intervention under invitation: the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen”